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Thyroid nodules

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Thyroid nodules

Palpable thyroid nodules affect 4-7% of the adult population with female predominance, although it has been predicted that between 40-70% of adults may have clinically undetected nodules only identifiable by ultrasound or autopsy. The vast majority of these nodules are benign, with only 5-10% proving malignant. Clearly therefore surgical excision of all palpable or incidentally detected thyroid nodules would result in large numbers of individuals unnecessarily being exposed to the risks of surgery.

  • Congenital anomalies
    • Thyroglossal duct cyst
  • Inflammatory Lesions
    • Acute/subacute/chronic thyroiditis
    • Compensatory regenerative nodules
  • Hyperplasia
  • Neoplasia
    • Benign
    • Malignant