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On completion of this section the cytotechnologist should Know:

  • the anatomy and histology of the respiratory tract
  • the role and indications of respiratory tract cytology
  • the advantages and disadvantages of the different sampling methods
  • the reporting terminology
  • cytologic features of normal cells from the respiratory tract
  • the non-cellular elements and contaminants which may appear in cytologic preparations
  • the features of the several benign cellular changes which may be observed
  • the cytologic features of inflammatory processes, including granulomatous diseases
  • the infectious agents which may be present
  • cytologic features of benign lung tumors
  • the preneoplastic changes of the respiratory epithelium
  • epidemiology and etiopathogenesis of lung cancer
  • cytologic features of the different types of lung carcinoma
  • cytologic features of metastatic and non-epithelial malignant tumors