Anatomy

The spleen is the organ that filters blood and is part of the immune system. It is found in the upper left quadrant of the human abdomen, and measures approximately 6 to 16 cm. in length in healthy adults. The organ is contained in a thin capsule from which thin fibrous trabeculae enter into the […]

Metastases

Metastases Splenic metastases are extremely rare mainly in the initial phases of the disease. Lung, breast, melanoma and colon tumours are the most frequently reported cases. Splenic metastasis from a lung carcinoma; groups of malignant epithelial cells, PALS, few dispersed lymphoid cells and a sheet of benign mesothelial cells transported by the needle.  

Focal and diffuse splenomegalies and FNA

Focal and diffuse splenomegalies and FNA Focal Hodgkin’s lymphoma Large-cell, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas Primary neoplasms and cysts Metastases Tuberculosis   Miliary or diffuse Infections Congestive splenomegaly Autoimmune diseses Small-cell, non-Hodgkin lymphomas Histiocytoses Multiple myeloma Myeloproliferative syndromes Leukemias Hemolitic anemias Amyloidosis Fine needle cytology FNC has to be performed using 23-25 gauge needle; the sub-costal approach is […]

Spleen

General Nodular or diffuse splemomegalies may be determined by several causes; in most cases, clinical and serological data are diagnostic but there are still rare conditions or equivocal clinical presentations in which a direct evaluation may be useful. FNC of the spleen was first used for the diagnosis of leishmaniasis and was then extensively used […]