The spleen is the organ that filters blood and is part of the immune system. It is found in the upper left quadrant of the human abdomen, and measures approximately 6 to 16 cm. in length in healthy adults. The organ is contained in a thin capsule from which thin fibrous trabeculae enter into the […]


Metastases Splenic metastases are extremely rare mainly in the initial phases of the disease. Lung, breast, melanoma and colon tumours are the most frequently reported cases. Splenic metastasis from a lung carcinoma; groups of malignant epithelial cells, PALS, few dispersed lymphoid cells and a sheet of benign mesothelial cells transported by the needle.  

Focal and diffuse splenomegalies and FNA

Focal and diffuse splenomegalies and FNA Focal Hodgkin’s lymphoma Large-cell, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas Primary neoplasms and cysts Metastases Tuberculosis   Miliary or diffuse Infections Congestive splenomegaly Autoimmune diseses Small-cell, non-Hodgkin lymphomas Histiocytoses Multiple myeloma Myeloproliferative syndromes Leukemias Hemolitic anemias Amyloidosis Fine needle cytology FNC has to be performed using 23-25 gauge needle; the sub-costal approach is […]


General Nodular or diffuse splemomegalies may be determined by several causes; in most cases, clinical and serological data are diagnostic but there are still rare conditions or equivocal clinical presentations in which a direct evaluation may be useful. FNC of the spleen was first used for the diagnosis of leishmaniasis and was then extensively used […]