The squamous cells visible in women are usually contaminants from the vagina. Those visible in men can represent metaplastic changes in the bladder trigone.
Cells from the seminal vesicle can be erroneously identified as malignant. They may have large hyperchromatic nuclei and high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio. The presence of yellowish granules of pigment in the cytoplasm usually allows correct classification.
Urothelial cells can show degenerative non-neoplastic changes: vacuolation of the cytoplasm, nuclear hyperchromasia, red intracytoplasmic inclusions.